General Well Being among Graduate and Undergraduate Students of Business Institute, Karachi: Retrospective Cross Sectional Study


  • Maryam Moula Bakhsh Assistant Professor, Dow University of health Sciences Karachi
  • Faraz Ahmed Wajidi Associate Professor, Dow University of health Sciences, Karachi
  • Tasmia Abeer Billoo Medical Director and Head Pharmacovigilance, Sind Medical stores (SMS), Karachi
  • Kamila Mariam Iftikhar Lecturer, Dow University of health Sciences, Karachi
  • Fauzia Imtiaz Professor, Hamdard college of medicine and dentistry, Karachi



General well-being, anxiety, depression, positive feelings, vitality, self-control


Well-being is a significant aspect of students’ achievement (Kutsyuruba et al., 2015). Business students, expected to be more independent and responsible for their work, require drive, perseverance, and focus to successfully complete various tasks (Seijts et al., 2022). The objective of this study was to evaluate the general well-being of graduate and undergraduate students at a Business Institute in Karachi, Pakistan. A cross sectional analytical study was conducted to assess the subjective well-being of students. The targeted population of this study comprised graduate and undergraduate students present at the business institute’s health camp. The official register of participants from the registration desk was used as a sampling frame, and a random sampling technique was employed to select a sample. A self-administered structured questionnaire, including demographic variables and Six dimensions of general well-being (anxiety, depression, positive well-being, vitality, self-control, and general health), was used to collect data. Mean and SD were used for quantitative variables, while frequency and percentage were used for qualitative variables. Pearson correlation was used to assess the relationship between gender, graduate and undergraduate status, different age groups, and the six dimensions of general well-being schedule. The significant findings of the study provide insight into initiating efforts to foster positive feelings of subjective well-being among students. Furthermore, training and awareness programs are needed to be launched in universities to help students cultivate more Positive feelings of subjective well-being.