Sustainability Education in Pakistan: A Qualitative Content Analysis of The 10th Grade Pakistan Studies Textbook


  • Muhammad Jamil Lecturer, Department of Education, GC Women University Sialkot, Pakistan
  • Wahid Mehmood PhD Scholar (Education) , Northern University Nowshera
  • Afira Aslam Urdu Language and Literature Teacher, Hast-o-Neest Institute of Traditional Studies & Arts, Lahore



Sustainability, textbook, Pakistan Studies, qualitative content analysis,


Using the Sustainability Framework proposed by Tavanti (2010), depiction of sustainability in 10th grade Pakistan Studies textbook. This textbook was selected through purposive sampling. For data analysis, Qualitative Content Analysis was used facilitated by NVivo 12 software. The findings of the study revealed that sustainability in the 10th grade Pakistan studies textbook was limited and lacked integration and concentration among several dimensions of sustainability as per Tavanti’s framework of sustainability. Partial coverage has been given to social, economic, cultural, and values dimensions of sustainability. Also, it lacks depth and does not discuss them critically. On the other hand, the environmental and institutional dimensions are almost non-existent. The textbook mostly emphasizes the economic use of natural resources and relatively ignores the role of environmental conservation and responsible use of natural resources. Moreover, the textbook failed to cover the role of indigenous knowledge, cultural diversity, and values in the promotion of sustainable development.

Keywords: , textbook, Pakistan Studies, qualitative content analysis,